In different parts of the world, including Uzbekistan, technologies have already been developed and are being applied to help local communities’ adaptation to the climate change. It is important to analyze the needs and potential of specific communities and find out what solutions are already available at the local, national and international levels. The publication «Affordable Green Technologies for Local Communities in Uzbekistan» will guide you through the existing opportunities.
The publication was developed within the framework of the project "Innovative Uzbekistan", implemented by ODB Brussels (Belgium) in partnership with Eco Forum of Uzbekistan (Uzbekistan), the New Diplomacy (Czech Republic) with funding from the European Union.
Brief annotation to the publication "Affordable Green Technologies for Local Communities in Uzbekistan", prepared within the framework of the project "Innovative Uzbekistan".
The publication “Affordable Green Technologies for Local Communities in Uzbekistan” consists of two sections, including 20 chapters.
SECTION I defines the role of partnership in the interest of innovative development of Uzbekistan
1. Climate change and local communities
Here you can find justifications why the issue of climate change every year becomes more relevant for the whole world in general and for Uzbekistan in particular. According to the UN forecasts, by 2030 the shortage of water resources on the planet could reach 40%. In Uzbekistan, per capita water supply has dropped down by half in the past 15 years. What systemic measures are being taken to address these problems at the local, regional and international levels? For a detailed answer to these questions, look in the publication.
2. Needs of local communities in Uzbekistan for affordable green technologies
Since 2020, the country has been implementing the project “Innovative Uzbekistan” 2020-2022 with the support of the European Union. Its main goal is to provide an opportunity for local communities and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to contribute to the development of a circular economy and introduction of more environmentally friendly and cost-effective technologies and practices in Uzbekistan, leading to an increase in the standard of living of the population, including in remote areas of the country. During the project, trainings and educational seminars were held in different regions of the country, within which community representatives themselves identified the main social and environmental issues that require the fastest solution in a particular region.
The workshops looked at low-cost green technologies that are already making it possible today to move from expensive centralized water supply systems, especially in rural and remote areas, to more affordable methods. This greatly simplifies and reduces the cost of state programs for the sustainable use of water resources, reduces the burden on natural ecosystems, reduces the costs of the population and improves the quality of life of local communities, especially women.
3. Analysis of opportunities abroad - European technologies and designs in demand in Uzbekistan
Green technologies in solving environmental problems are already actively developing in European countries: in Denmark - in the field of renewable, primarily wind energy; in Germany for air pollution control, in Spain for solar energy, and in the Netherlands for energy efficiency in buildings and lighting. In the third chapter of the publication, you can find detailed, understandable and interesting examples. Did you know that rainwater retention and high evaporation through rooftop green spaces prevent rainfall water from being discharged down the drain? By using dirty household water as process water, household drinking water consumption is reduced by at least one third (when used for flushing toilets) of daily per capita consumption.
4. Analysis of potential donors and other funding opportunities for the introduction of technologies and designs
One of the main directions of the Strategy for the transition of the Republic of Uzbekistan to a "green" economy for the period 2019-2030 is to stimulate the introduction of innovations and effective "green" investments. This section describes in detail where to seek funding for effective projects for the introduction of green technologies, what legal framework to rely on.
5. Analysis of local opportunities and initiatives. Participation of local communities
Particular attention was paid to the role of NGOs in mobilizing local communities and local authorities to introduce affordable green technologies. It is difficult to substitute them in order to enhance the participation of local communities in decision-making processes, the introduction of affordable green technologies and practices of water and energy conservation, sustainable agriculture, etc. at the level of farmers, dekhkans and household plots, in small businesses.
SECTION 2 is a practical guide to making and applying affordable, accessible green technologies and practices
The publication includes more than 15 technologies, designs and practices recommended for self-production and use by local communities and SMEs in Uzbekistan in the face of climate change.
After reviewing the information presented in the publication, you can choose acceptable ways to economically produce heat or electricity, water supply and water conservation, ways to improve the soil and get a good harvest on your site.
The criteria for selecting acceptable technologies and practices were:
- traditional focus on "best practices" has been replaced by proven, accessible and simple technologies and practices for mass application;
- the selection base was formed on the basis of the needs of local communities identified in the process of conducting seminars using the Community Needs Assessment (CNA) methodology*;
- consideration of expected economic, social and environmental benefits;
- the possibility of self-manufacturing and low cost of manufacture and use;
- assessment of the possibility of biodiversity conservation and the absence of a negative impact on the environment.
A separate chapter is devoted to the promotion of environmental education at the level of local communities. In particular, the local partner of the Innovative Uzbekistan project, Ecoforum, is implementing a program on education for sustainable development and environmental education. Ecoforum experts are the authors of a low-cost and affordable mechanism for educating local communities and families on sustainable development and environmental safety on the basis of secondary schools.
- The organization supports the training of teachers in environmental education.
- Specialists have developed and published teaching aids and manuals on environmental education. In particular, teaching aids on ecology for teachers and teaching aids on ecology for students in grades 1-4 were approved by the Republican Center for Public Education.
- Ecoforum expert has prepared two practical guides on independent production and use of simple RES structures and rational water use.
This material has been prepared within the framework of the project "Innovative Uzbekistan" implemented by ODB Brussels (Belgium) in partnership with Eco Forum of Uzbekistan (Uzbekistan), the New Diplomacy (Czech Republic) funded by the European Union.
|The content is solely the responsibility of ODB Brussels and does not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.|